Being two largest cities of Vietnam, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh have its own special characteristics. As places in which to live and work, what are the main differences between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City?

This type of question is usually asked by expats who were being confused about making a decision of choosing where to live in Vietnam. At first glance, both cities offer plenty of sightseeing and shopping opportunities, dining and nightlife options, as well as hotels catering to just about any budget and preference. In this article, we will take a look at these two very different destinations in Vietnam and compare their characters from the viewpoints of some of the people who know them best.

Beautiful Attractions

Hanoi is known as Vietnam’s capital which is teeming with well-preserved Buddhist shrines, beautiful lakes and an Old Quarter filled with ancient ruins, some of which that are over 1,000 years old. There is a list of extremely great destinations in Hanoi including Temple of Literature, Ngoc Son Temple, One Pillar Pagoda, Hoan Kiem lake, the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long, Ba Vi National Park, etc.

Hanoi Overview

Ho Chi Minh city still retains its primitive beauty from the war and being known as a home of colonial buildings, war museums and historic remnants of the Vietnam War such as Cu Chi Tunnels, Central Post Office, Ho Chi Minh Square, War Remnants Museum, Reunification Palace, Notre Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon,etc.

Ho Chi Minh Overview


One big difference between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City from November to April is the difference in temperature: in Hanoi the period from November to April experiences cooler and drier weather compared to Ho Chi Minh city.
The average temperature in Hanoi is 20°C with January being the coldest month with an average temperature of 17°C. The wet season starts in May, and by July the rain has increased to its heaviest. July and August are the wettest months of the year. Temperatures are high at this time of year with daily highs over 30°C and night time temperatures never dropping much below 25°C.

In Ho Chi Minh city the average temperature is pretty stable throughout the year: around 27°C. The temperatures are highest on average in April, at around 29.5 °C. In December, the average temperature is 25.9 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year. Rain season starts in May until October with heavy rainfall. Typhons are common during the rain season and they can be a destructive force along the coastline. Flooding of city streets are common during this period. The rain combined with the high humidity can make it quite uncomfortable, especially if you’re doing any strenuous activities.

Cost of living & Food

The cost of living for an expat in Hanoi City is around USD700/month (~16.248.800 VND). Because Hanoi is one of the most ancient city of Vietnam so the food here is super diversified and cheap. Hanoi people are famous for elegance and grave, this is reflected in every dish in their meal. When you have a chance to visit Hanoi, you should try Pho (Noodle Soup), Bun Cha Ca (Grilled & Fried Fish with Rice Noodles), Bun Cha (Grilled Pork & Noodles), Xoi (Sticky Rice), Bun-Mien Ngan (Rice Noodles with Muscovy Duck), Banh Mi (Baguette Sandwich), Pho Cuon (Rice Noodle Rolls), Pho Chien Phong (Fried Pho Noodles), etc.
The cost of living for an expat in Ho Chi Minh City is about USD 750/month (~17.3625.000 VND). The food in Ho Chi Minh City is extremely affordable, diversified and delicious. Although mixed by the diverse culture, it still has its own specialty in culinary culture affected by aquatic culture. Because Ho Chi Minh City is the city of migrants so you can easily find all of the food from 3 regions in Vietnam here: Bun Cha, Bun Bo Hue, Pho, Com Tam (broken rice), Banh Xeo (sizzling cake),etc

Ho Chi Minh City is also known the food capital of Vietnam, where travellers can enjoy not only authentic French and Vietnamese delicacies, but also expat-owned bistros serving Japanese, Chinese, Mediterranean and American fare.


If you want to go shopping in Hanoi, you can not miss the local markets around Old Quarter. The best local markets in Hanoi are always bustling with hundreds of stalls selling fresh produce, quality textiles, and household supplies as early as 06:00 (am) such as Dong Xuan market, Hang Be market, Quang Ba flower market, Hom market, Hanoi Weekend Night market, etc. If you love to explore the local food culture of Hanoi, then check out the delicious street foods being sold at the night market. The best thing about exploring the market with your local guide is that you’ll learn more about the dishes and the ingredients used in preparing them.

Dong Xuân market in Hanoi

Ho Chi Minh city is renowned for its exspensive and modern shopping malls, such as Vincom Center, Takashimaya Vietnam and Parkson Plaza Department Store.There are places to shop for your everyday needs, rather than just luxury items. The mall includes a vast supermarket with many local and imported goods. Whether you want rice paper, olive oil, German biscuits, dresses, shampoo or fresh fruits, here you can get it.

Ben Thành market in Ho Chi Minh city

Although modern shopping malls is becoming more popular in the fast-paced lifestyle of Ho Chi Minh city, traditional markets have been long-lasting and keeping several cultural aspects of the Vietnamese for hundred years and there are the symbols of the city. Ben Thanh market, Cho Lon (Binh Tay) market, An Dong market, Ba Chieu market, Tan Dinh market,etc are the top markets in Ho Chi Minh city that you should not miss when you come to Vietnam.


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